Bariatric surgery involves a number of procedures that are specifically designed to help people lose weight. It works by altering hormone levels in the gut that control hunger and satiety. This results in a new, hormonal weight set point and long-term weight loss. A bariatric surgeon can use a variety of methods to make these procedures work. In many cases, bariatric surgery is the best option for people who have been unable to lose weight with other methods.
Patients who choose bariatric surgery should be mentally and emotionally prepared to change their lifestyle. After having the surgery, patients should commit to a lifelong commitment to exercise and a healthy diet. Bariatric surgeons can provide additional support and guidance to make these transitions easier. Patients should also be aware of potential side effects and complications.
Before undergoing bariatric surgery, patients must undergo a series of health screenings and tests to ensure they are healthy enough to undergo the procedure. They may be required to quit using certain medications or alcohol to qualify for the procedure. They may also be required to complete a pre-surgical diet to reduce fat inside their abdomen. This will make the surgery safer and less likely to result in complications.
After bariatric surgery, patients will experience a period of pain. Pain medication is prescribed to ease the discomfort. Physical activity is encouraged, but patients should be aware of any restrictions. Inactivity may lead to blood clots, pneumonia, and other health problems. Patients will also need someone to drive them home. Patients who plan on undergoing bariatric surgery should follow a nutritional plan for several months before the procedure. They should also achieve their target weight before the procedure.