Bariatric surgery involves a variety of procedures to help obese patients lose weight. These surgeries alter hormone levels in the gut, which regulate satiety and hunger. These changes create a new set point for weight in the human body. This means that a person can eat less without gaining the weight back.
The stomach is replaced with a smaller one and the intestines are rerouted, leaving a small portion of the stomach empty. This reduces the calories a person consumes and helps the body maintain a healthy weight and blood sugar levels. The surgery is safe and has minimal complications.
Before and after bariatric surgery, patients should follow specific instructions for what to eat and avoid. This is because spicy and fatty foods may lead to diarrhea and discomfort after the procedure. Additionally, a new stomach may not be able to handle the increased food intake associated with emotional eating. This is why it is important to seek treatment from a psychologist.
After bariatric surgery, the abdomen will be very sensitive. A surgical drain may be placed in this area. Upon discharge from the hospital, patients should have someone to drive them home. Some patients are on a special diet for several months before the surgery. To prepare for the surgery, patients should follow a nutritional plan and achieve their target weight.