What Are the 3 Types of Bariatric Surgery?
If you are trying to lose weight, there are many options. Here are some things to know about gastric bypass, laparoscopic gastric banding, and MGB. The first procedure involves making an incision in the belly. Laparoscopic gastric banding is a procedure that involves small incisions and the use of lighted cameras to view the inside of the body. This procedure is faster and less complicated for patients. Some bariatric surgeons now use a robotic laparoscopic system.
Laparoscopic gastric banding
Laparoscopic gastric banding is one option for patients looking for a more permanent weight-loss solution. It divides your stomach into two parts: an upper pouch and one lower. The band is secured by sutures and inflated with sterile solution to the desired size. The surgeon may also place an access port under your abdomen to inject saline or adjust the band.
The surgeon makes a single incision in the abdomen. The surgeon inserts a small pump into the stomach and a laparoscope. This allows the surgeon to see inside the body. In this way, the surgeon is able to remove excess fat in the stomach, creating a small pouch. The procedure takes between 30-60 min. Depending on the size of the stomach, the new pouch will help the patient feel full and satisfied after eating a small amount of food.
Laparoscopic gastric banding is the least invasive of the three procedures. It is also completely reversible. It is often performed by laparoscopic surgeons, which means the scarring from the surgery is smaller. Patients also have less pain and stay in hospital for less than traditional surgery. The banding is made of biocompatible materials and does not require staples or stitches.
Gastric bypass surgery can be a great choice for obese patients as it dramatically reduces the food that can be eaten. This results in rapid weight loss. A person who weighs 120 pounds could expect to lose eighty to seventy percent of that weight in the first year. After that, weight loss tends not to continue. After five years, the patient should have lost between sixty- and seventy percent of their excess body weight.
The new stomach is smaller and holds less liquid than the original. This allows for better absorption of vitamins and minerals. This surgery also improves blood sugar control and can improve diabetes. It is not without risks. You may experience a dumping disorder depending on your medical condition. It can cause severe discomfort, but it will eventually go away.
Roux-en Y gastric bypass surgery, which is the most popular gastric surgery, is the most common. This surgery involves cutting a small section of your small intestine to create a pouch. The pouch is connected to a smaller small intestine opening. This allows food to flow through the pouch and be digested. As a result, you will consume fewer calories in one sitting.
Dr. Rutledge performed the first Mini Gastric Bypass (MGB), surgical procedure in the late 1990s. This technique is based on general surgical principles and combines two routine procedures: a non-obstructive Collis Gastroplasty and a Billroth II ante-colic loop gastro-jejunostomy. The Mini Gastric Bypass surgical procedure requires minimal anesthesia, takes about 60 minutes, and requires one to two nights of hospitalization.
The benefits of MGB surgery include an increased ability to control appetite and weight. You can customize the procedure to achieve the metabolic effect you desire and the weight loss you desire. You can tailor the length of the bowel bypass to achieve the desired results. A shorter bypass leads to a smaller loss of weight and metabolic control. However, a longer bypass will result in greater weight loss and metabolic control.
MGB has many advantages over other restrictive procedures. It can improve type-II diabetes, dyslipidemia, and even snoring. However, the surgery has risks. Patients should take vitamin supplements after the procedure to avoid deficiency. They should also eat a high protein diet to avoid deficiencies. People who fail to lose weight may experience a relapse.
Mini Gastric Bypass surgery is a less invasive version of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass surgery. The surgeon will create a narrow pouch in the stomach and connect it to a portion of the small intestine. This procedure is much less expensive and more invasive than other weight-loss surgeries. Mini Gastric Bypass surgery is considered the best option for people with morbid obesity.